A group of America’s most influential corporate groups are urging the Biden government to resume trade talks with China and lower tariffs on Chinese-made goods that remained in effect after the trade war began between the two countries.

The groups, which represented interests as diverse as potato growers, microchip companies and the pharmaceutical industry, said in a letter Thursday that the Biden government should take “swift action” to address “onerous” tariffs. They also urged the White House to work with the Chinese government to ensure it honors the commitments they made in their trade peace signed with the Trump administration in early 2020.

The letter, addressed to the Treasury Department and the United States’ sales representative, comes as relations between the world’s two largest economies remain at odds. A high-profile visit to China by Wendy R. Sherman, the deputy foreign minister, last month started with sharp opening remarks from the Chinese side and ended with little progress. The two have argued over human rights, cyberattacks and China’s military operations in the South China Sea.

While the Biden government has developed a strategy of confronting China on a number of issues, it has said less about the countries’ economic relations.

It has been more than seven months since former President Donald J. Trump signed a January 2020 trade deal with China, along with other national security measures taken by the previous administration. Officials have not yet disclosed the results of this review.

The January 2020 trade stall essentially frozen US tariffs on Chinese imports of $ 360 billion. This deal also did nothing to stop the Chinese government’s subsidies for strategic industries such as computer chips and electric cars that worried American competitors. While some of the provisions of the trade agreement expire at the end of the year, much of the agreement will remain in force.

The industry group’s letter appeared to be an attempt to get the Biden government to act.

“Because of the tariffs, US industry is facing increased costs to manufacture products and provide services domestically, making its exports of those products and services less competitive overseas,” the letter read by the New York Times was reviewed.

Adam Hodge, a spokesman for the US Trade Representative’s office, said, “For the first half of this year, the US economy grew as fast as it has been in nearly 40 years, and more jobs were created in the first six months” than any other Administration in history. ”He added that the government is“ conducting a robust, strategic review of our economic relations with China to create effective policies ”.

The existence of the letter was previously reported by the Wall Street Journal.

The letter said China had met some of its trade deal commitments, including new measures to open up its market to US financial institutions. It added that further talks are the only way to ensure that China meets remaining commitments in other sectors such as intellectual property protection.

Although China has purchased substantial US goods since the trade war, the amount and composition have lagged behind its pledges to purchase US $ 200 billion worth of American goods and services in 2020 and 2021. According to an analysis by the Peterson Institute for International Economically, China lagged 40 percent behind those purchases last year and is 30 percent behind this year.

“We urge the government to work with the Chinese government to increase purchases of US goods through the remainder of 2021 and to implement all structural commitments of the agreement before its two-year anniversary on February 15, 2022,” the letter added added.

While the Biden government has questioned whether the trade deal with China was well designed, it has also signaled that it will continue to press China into unfair trade practices.

In June, President Biden expanded a Trump administration blacklist that prevented Americans from investing in Chinese companies that aid the country’s military or the repression of religious minorities. Mr. Biden put Huawei, a Chinese telecommunications giant, on the list of banned companies. The White House also announced the formation of a trade and technology council with American and European officials to counter China’s influence by coordinating digital policy between Brussels and Washington.

“We will not hesitate to highlight China’s compulsive and unfair trade practices that harm American workers, undermine the multilateral system, or violate fundamental human rights,” said Katherine Tai, the United States trade representative, in a prepared statement for a Senate hearing in May . “We are working on a strong strategic approach to our trade and economic relations with China.”